Narbonne and Gruissan
The Midi Canal
The Midi Canal is a French Canal running from the Garonne to the Mediterranean Sea. Its first name is “canal royal en Languedoc” but the revolutionaries changed it into the Midi Canal in 1789. Associated to the Garonne Canal, both Canals become “canal des deux mers” because they are a waterway from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea.
The wheat business motivated the construction of the Midi Canal. Piere-Paul Riquet was the leader of the project which lasted from 1666 to 1681 in the reign of Louis XVI. The first budget was estimated to 6 million Pounds but in the end it was between 17 and 18 million Pounds. The king paid 40%, the provinces 40% and Riquet 20% so he became the main owner!!! His descendants had to pay 2 million in 50 years.
The Midi Canal is one of the oldest European Canals still functioning.
From 1996 it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
article written by CHECA Adrien and RUQUET Mathieu